is an active process.
Swelling in the brain, a lack of energy and blood supply can cause symptoms to last for days, weeks and even months.
The faster you act and engage with the recovery process the more brain cells you will save.
You can do a lot to limit the brain damage and stall the cascade of chemical changes in your brain, the sooner you act the better.
Who is at risk?
62 million people get knocked out every year but 90% of reported concussions do not result in a loss of consciousness.
Unintentional falls claim 50% of the total followed by sports and the military.
You must avoid repeat injury. Exposure of the initial injury to subsequent large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and neuroinflammation will cause already stressed cells to be tipped over the edge and die. Avoid risks to additional head injuries at all cost.
What are the long term effects of concussion?
Modern research is finding significant correlations in how mild traumatic brain injuries can manifest into first post concussion syndrome (PCS) and onto Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), a form of accelerated dementia resulting from chronic exposure to concussions.
If you have had a moderate brain injury your risk of developing Alzheimer's is now more than double.
A severe brain injury your chances are now 4.5 times higher than what they what they were previously.
The facts that science is presenting is daunting but there is a lot we can do, interfering early is the key to changing the odds.